In the first step of fiber spunlacing, natural or man-made fibers are laid out to a fleece and prepared for the process. Fibers may be, for example, cotton fibers, viscose fibers or mixed fibers. High-pressure water join the fibers in a special component of the spunlacing system. Nozzle beams supplied with high pressure water produce the required water jets. Processed drinking water or demineralized water can be used as circulation medium in circulation operation. After the fibers are joined, the fleece is dried. The finished mats of fibers can have very different properties. These mats form the basis for many utility and hygiene goods.
In order to manufacture products of consistent quality, constant and reproducible operating conditions are a prerequisite. Pumping capacity and operating pressure of the jet water must be precisely adjustable. Different products require specific configurations because no two processes are the same.
The number of nozzle beams and the operating pressure in the spray bars are different in each plant. Typical pressures are between 50 and 250 bar. Processes such as the production of geo mat of fibres require pressures of up to 400 bar. Modern machines can achieve production speeds of up to 400 m / min with a mat of fibre width of up to 6.5 meters.
Impurities in the high-pressure water must absolutely be avoided, therefore, gland housings, plungers and valves are made of high quality materials such as stainless steel, ceramic or bronze.
Fibre spunlacing form the basic material for consumer goods and hygiene goods such as diaper inserts, paper tissues, sterile swabs or filter paper. Other applications include face masks, cleaning cloths, floor coverings or fabrics for functional clothing, for example. In the automotive industry, many headliners in vehicles are made of a spunlaced mat of fibres. A so-called geo mat of fibres is used in civil engineering, waterways and traffic infrastructure.
For the connection of fibres with high-pressure water, URACA offers a wide range of high-quality pump technology.
Spunlacing solidifies natural or chemical fibres into a mat of fibres. The high-pressure water required generates powerful and precisely adjustable pumps. Since the beginning of the technology, URACA has been active in spunlacing. URACA pump units are in use worldwide and prove themselves in daily continuous operation. If you are looking for high-pressure pump technology for spunlacing, contact us now. Our experts gladly advise you in detail.